The 3 Types of Education | Formal, Informal, Non-formal | Advantages | Disadvantages (2023)

Education can mean different things to different people around the world. Some people see the education system as classroom training, while others might see it as a life-changing experience.

Teachers and students might also have different perspectives on education, and so do parents. These perspectives are condensed into three primarytypes of education. They are talked about in detail in the following sections.

Table of Contents

2.What are the 3 Types of Education
3.What are the characteristics of the three types of education?
5. Advantages of the three types of education
6.Disadvantages of the three types of education
8.About Cuemath
9.Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
10.External References

Feb 10, 2021

Read Time: 6 minutes

As per experts, education refers to a gradual process that brings about positive changes in human life and behavior, thereby developing their personalities.

The education system refers to the entire process that a student has to undergo in order to acquire knowledge.

This is implemented by way of instructions or some other practical procedures.

Education is the basic right of every individual all around the world because this is a trait that encourages them to distinguish between right and wrong and helps them to achieve their goal.

In this article, we will cover a description of the different types of education, their characteristics along with examples. We will also lay our focus on the advantages and disadvantages of the same.

What are the 3 Types of Education?- PDF

Education can mean different things to different people around the world. Some people see the education system as classroom training, while others might see it as a life-changing experience. Here is a downloadable PDF to explore more

📥What are the 3 Types of Education?- PDF


So, what are the 3 types of education? The following section is dedicated to this topic.

What are the 3 Types of Education

Education refers to the development of the learning and thinking process. It goes beyond the four walls of the classroom. It is all about gaining experience and therefore we can divide education into three main types:

(Video) Types of Education Formal Informal & Non formal | non formal education | informal education

  • Formal Education
  • Informal Education
  • Non-formal Education

All three types of education are explained in this section below.

  1. Formal Education

The 3 Types of Education | Formal, Informal, Non-formal | Advantages | Disadvantages (1)

This is also known as formal learning which usually takes place within the premises of the school. It refers to the basic academic knowledge that a child learns in a formal manner.

This continues from an elementary school to secondary school and further on to colleges. Such an education is provided by specially qualified teachers who are efficient enough with the art of instruction.

The student and the teacher are both aware of the facts and engage themselves through a process of education. Some of the examples of formal education are classroom learning, Institute grading/certification, or planned education of different subjects with a proper syllabus acquired by attending an institution.

  1. Informal Education

The 3 Types of Education | Formal, Informal, Non-formal | Advantages | Disadvantages (2)

This is the type of education wherein a parent is teaching a child things that are beyond academics like preparing a meal or riding a bicycle.

People can also get informal education through books or educational websites. This is an education that is not derived in schools through a proper learning method. It is not pre-planned nor deliberate.

It is an experience that an individual garners by undergoing regular practice and observing others. Some of the examples may be teaching a child with some basic personality traits, learning a mother tongue, performing certain extracurricular activities, etc.

  1. Non-formal Education

The 3 Types of Education | Formal, Informal, Non-formal | Advantages | Disadvantages (3)

It refers to adult basic education, adult literacy education, or skill development. It can take different forms of learning, which is consistently and systematically provided in order to develop a particular skill or ability in an individual.

This type of education is highly flexible and includes a wide range of activities. Some of the examples may be fitness programs, community-based adult education courses, and free courses on different platforms, etc.

What are the characteristics of the three types of education?

Characteristics of Formal Education:

  • It follows a particular structure of delivery

  • It is highly planned and deliberate

  • It is chronological and systematic

  • There is a regular fee that is required to be paid

  • Its demand is highly qualified experts

    (Video) Types of education : Formal , Non-formal , Informal education

  • It is subject-oriented and time-bound

Characteristics of Informal Education:

  • It is an independent form of study with no definite syllabus

  • It is not preplanned and does not have a proper timetable

  • It is an experience that is gained through practice. It does not require a fee payment all the time.

  • It is a lifelong process in a natural way

  • There are no certificates or degrees involved

Characteristics of Non-formal Education:

Advantages of the three types of education

Advantages of Formal Education:

  • It is organized and scheduled

  • It happens in a step-by-step systematic manner

  • It is the most basic knowledge that is to be acquired by every individual to learn various other things

  • It is certified and acquired by professionals and teachers

Advantages of Informal Education:

  • It is a natural learning process that can come from anywhere and everywhere.


  • It requires regular practice and polishing.

  • It utilizes a variety of techniques and does not have a specific time span.

  • There is no need to hire experts or professionals for this learning.

Advantages of Non-formal Education:

  • It is an open-ended educational system available both in the public and private domains.

  • There is no need to conduct regular examinations.

  • Diplomas, certificates, and awards are not essential because it is generally a kind of skill development.

  • It involves the practical application of the theoretical knowledge obtained.

Disadvantages of the three types of education

Disadvantages of Formal Education:

  • Sometimes, brilliant students get bored because of the long tenure of academic sessions.

  • Exams and grades can sometimes lead to stress and anxiety.

  • It is costly and rigid.

  • An unprofessional and non-standard education system may also cause wastage of time and money.

Disadvantages of Informal Education:

Disadvantages of Non-formal Education:

  • If you are learning it just as a hobby, you don't require a professional or a trained teacher to impart non-formal education.

  • No regular examinations are conducted to evaluate the skill development

    (Video) Formal Education, Informal Education and Non Formal Education

  • High possibility of fake certifications through different institutions


This brings us to the end of this article which was mostly focused upon the different types of education in our education system. Remember, for the overall holistic development of both character and personality, it is very important to excel in all three types of education.

We have also brought a mixed bag that will help our students develop all three types of education skills in mathematics:-

  • A study from a highly qualified/trained teacher or tutor.

  • Raise doubts and get your doubts cleared on a regular basis.

  • Give regular examinations that will help your tutor to evaluate your progress.

  • Ask your elders to help you relate different mathematical problems with practical examples.

  • Research about different mathematical topics on various sources available.

  • Undergo training classes for abacus or other mathematical development skills.

  • Do a regular practice.

With this, we encourage each and every student to develop all the skills and abilities required to evolve as a better human being.

There is no alternative to hard work. We cannot deny the fact that as human beings, our greatest gift is education.

About Cuemath

Cuemath, a student-friendly mathematics and coding platform, conducts regularOnline Live Classesfor academics and skill-development, and their Mental Math App, on bothiOSandAndroid, is a one-stop solution for kids to develop multiple skills. Understand the Cuemath fee structure and sign up for a free trial.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who is the father of education?

Horace Mann Education. Horace Mann was born on May 4, 1796, in Franklin, Massachusetts. His father was a farmer without much money.

Who made the exam?

If we were to go by historical sources, then exams were invented by an American businessman and philanthropist known as Henry Fischel somewhere in the late 19th century.

(Video) Formal, Informal and Non formal Education and their comparison

However, some sources attribute the invention of standardized assessments to another man by the same name, i.e. Henry Fischel.

Which country started exams?

Ancient China was the first country in the world that implemented a nationwide standardized test, which was called the imperial examination.

The main purpose of this examination was to select able candidates for specific governmental positions.


What are the three types of education? ›

Types of Education
  • primary education.
  • junior education.
  • intermediate education.

What are the 3 types of non-formal education? ›

Non-formal education includes adult basic education, adult literacy education or school equivalency preparation.

What are formal informal and non-formal education? ›

Formal education is linked with schools and training institutions; non-formal with community groups and other organizations; and informal covers what is left, e.g. interactions with friends, family and work colleagues.

What is informal education short answer? ›

Informal education refers to a lifelong learning process, whereby each individual acquires attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from the educational influences and resources in his or her own environment and from daily experience.

What type of learner are you 3 types? ›

There are three main cognitive learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. The common characteristics of each learning style listed below can help you understand how you learn and what methods of learning best fits you.

What is class 3 education right? ›

It is the first fundamental right that has been added to the constitution since India attained independence. The Act makes it obligatory on the State to guarantee right to education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance, and completion of elementary education by every child of 6 to 14 years.

What are the 3 examples of informal education? ›

Informal learning refers to learning that occurs away from a structured, formal classroom environment. Informal learning comes in many forms, including viewing videos, self-study, reading articles, participating in forums and chat rooms, performance support, coaching sessions, and games

What are 4 types of education? ›

The Different Types of Education
  • Formal Education. If you've been through the current regular way of schooling, be it from a public or private school, you can say that you've had a formal education. ...
  • Informal Education. ...
  • Non-Formal. ...
  • Special Education. ...
  • Preschool. ...
  • Elementary School. ...
  • Secondary Education. ...
  • Post-Secondary Education.
14 Dec 2019

What are the 4 examples of non-formal education? ›

Non-formal learning typically takes place in community settings: swimming classes for small children, sports clubs of various kinds for all ages, reading groups, debating societies, amateur choirs and orchestras, and so on.

What is non-formal education and examples? ›

Examples of non-formal learning include swimming sessions for toddlers, community-based sports programs, and programs developed by organisations such as the Boy Scouts, the Girl Guides, community or non-credit adult education courses, sports or fitness programs, professional conference style seminars, and continuing ...

What are types of formal education? ›

Formal learning is also called structured learning or synchronous learning. Examples of formal learning include classroom instruction, web-based training, remote labs, e-learning courses, workshops, seminars, webinars, etc.

What is formal and informal education with example? ›

Formal education is based on a set curriculum. Informal education refers to learning that results from activities related to daily life experiences, work, family, or leisure. Both formal and informal education settings offer different strengths and value to a career path.

What are the 3 types of education PDF? ›

There are three main types of education, namely, Formal, Informal and Non-formal. Each of these types is briefly described below. attending the institution. Formal education is structured hierarchically.

What is formal education and examples? ›

Formal education encompasses primary, lower and upper secondary education, higher and university education that culminate in the achievement of a degree or a professional qualification or diploma or a recognised certification as well as adult education programmes.

What is informal example? ›

Examples of informal in a Sentence

We had an informal meeting over lunch. He has an informal manner that puts people at ease. He spoke to them in informal Spanish. The term is common in informal contexts.

What are the three 3 learning styles and differentiate it? ›

The three basic types of learning styles are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. To learn, we depend on our senses to process the information around us. Most people tend to use one of their senses more than the others.

How is learning acquired in 3 types? ›

Each stage of learning is crucial in its own way. The 3 stages of learning—cognitive learning, associative learning, and autonomous learning—are proven to be successful. If you combine and use them as a progressive way to acquire knowledge and skills, you can become a lifelong learner and always learn at your own pace.

What are the 3 key components of a lesson plan? ›

A successful lesson plan addresses and integrates three key components: Learning Objectives. Learning activities. Assessment to check for student understanding.

What are Level 3 students? ›

Level 3 qualifications are: A level. access to higher education diploma. advanced apprenticeship.

What are Stage 3 students? ›

  • Early Stage 1 (Kindergarten)
  • Stage 1 (Years 1–2)
  • Stage 2 (Years 3–4)
  • Stage 3 (Years 5–6)
  • Stage 4 (Years 7–8)
  • Stage 5 (Years 9–10)

Who is a teacher Class 3? ›

1) A teacher is a person who helps children and other persons to learn and progress in life. 2) A teacher takes the responsibility for shaping the lives and careers of his students. 3) They feel pride and honor to direct their students on the right path in life.

What is mean by non-formal education? ›

Non-formal education refers to education that occurs outside the formal school system. Non-formal education is often used interchangeably with terms such as community education, adult education, lifelong education and second-chance education.

What is formal and informal? ›

Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first-person pronouns such as “I” or “We.” Informal language is more casual and spontaneous. It is used when communicating with friends or family either in writing or in conversation.

How many basic types of education are there? ›

There are three fundamental kinds of education, specifically, Formal, Informal, and Non-formal. Each one of these is observed below. Formal learning refers to a sort of learning program wherein the objectives and targets are characterized by the preparation office, educational fashioner, and additionally teacher.

How many types of education methods are there? ›

There are different types of teaching methods which can be categorised into three broad types. These are teacher-centred methods, learner-centred methods, content-focused methods and interactive/participative methods.

What are the main school types? ›

There are three main types of school – state (funded by the Government and run by local authorities), academies (funded by government but not run by local authorities) and independent or private schools (funded by parents and run independently).

What is the difference between informal and non-formal? ›

The key difference between non-formal and informal education is that non-formal education takes place outside of the traditional learning classroom setting and consists of well-planned and structured educational programs, while informal education does not have structured and standardized programs or curricula.

What is non-formal education B Ed notes? ›

Non-formal education is a complementary education to formal education. It develops the child's critical thinking and has a broader concept of learning focusing on practical knowledge. Non-formal education is the education imparted outside the educational forum.

What is non-formal education essay? ›

Non-formal education refers to consciously organised and patterned instruction in certain areas of knowledge, skill or values, which takes place outside the school or similarly designated institutions, with flexibility regarding age, period of instruction and with a choice of what to learn.

What is non-formal education PDF? ›

Non-Formal Education refers to any planned program of personal and social. education for the young people that is designed to enhance the range of skills, abilities, aptitudes and competencies, outside the formal educational curriculum. and institution. Non-formal education is practiced by many youth organizations.

What is the difference between formal and non-formal? ›

Formal education takes place full-time and does not permit other parallel activities, especially productive work. Non-formal education is part-time, and activities may be timed in a variety of ways to meet the needs and convenience of learners.

Why is non-formal education important? ›

Importance of Non-formal Education

Non-formal learning helps individuals with decision-making and builds self-confidence. In addition, non-formal education promotes a spectrum of skills. With that, it contributes to a nation's social and economic development.

What are the three important goals of education? ›

These three include: the development of rational, well-rounded individuals, the teaching of cognitive and critical thinking skills, and finally the global improvement of the quality of life. There are many other goals that should be reached, but I consider these are the three major ones.

Why is formal education? ›

It moulds the physical, intellectual, emotional and social characteristics of a person in a balanced manner. – Furthermore, formal education trains children to develop critical thinking and reasoning power, shaping them into good citizens, and improving their social standing and independence.

What is formal learning? ›

Formal learning is learning that is delivered “in a systematic intentional way”. It's planned and guided by an instructor and it usually occurs in a face-to-face setting or through an online learning platform, like an LMS.

What is formal example? ›

The definition of formal is something that follows rules, is a dressy or important occasion, or something that has official sanctioning or approval. An example of formal is a dinner party at a mansion where everyone dresses up in fancy clothes and is very polite.

What are the types of informal? ›

Types of Informal Communication
  • Single Strand: One person communicates with one person and then they go and communicate with another one person. ...
  • Gossip Chain: Group conversation where everyone is talking to each other informally.
  • Probability Chain: Each individual randomly tells another individual the same message.

What are the types of non-formal education? ›

Non-formal education is often used interchangeably with terms such as community education, adult education, lifelong education and second-chance education. It refers to a wide range of educational initiatives in the community, ranging from home-based learning to government schemes and community initiatives.

What are the five characteristics of non-formal education? ›

Characteristics of Non Formal Education
  • It is well planned and no need of any school system.
  • A participatory learning system.
  • It is open ended educational system.
  • No need for structured course and curriculum.
  • Age, Time and curriculum flexibility.
  • Involvement of both public and private sector in the process.

What are non-formal educational schools? ›

Non-Formal Basic Education Schools

The concept of these schools is based on the philosophy to involve parents, community and the non-governmental organizations in the promotion of education through non-formal means.

What is called formal education? ›

formal education means the structured education and training system that runs from pre-primary and primary through secondary school and on to university. It takes place, as a rule, at general or vocational educational institutions and leads to certification.

What is education and its types? ›

Types of education are commonly divided into formal, non-formal, and informal education. Formal education takes place in education and training institutions, is usually structured by curricular aims and objectives, and learning is typically guided by a teacher.

What is non-formal education class 12? ›

Ans:- The non formal education is based on democratic principles. Here education can be received by the rich, poor, backward class, general class at any time at any age of the individual. This education is productive so it is said to be democratic principles based education.

What is non schooling? ›

1. Not school, or not directly related to school. Children should spend a healthy amount of time in nonschool activities. adjective.

What does non formally mean? ›

Definition of nonformal

: not formal : informal nonformal education a nonformal setting.

What is formal and informal education system? ›

Formal education is based on a set curriculum. Informal education refers to learning that results from activities related to daily life experiences, work, family, or leisure. Both formal and informal education settings offer different strengths and value to a career path.


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